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UN DESA MTIC workshop in Uganda discusses SPS and TBT notification alert system

In the context of the DESA project “Building institutional capacity in the use of trade-related International Support Measures (ISMs) in LDCs”, UN DESA is developing an SPS and TBT notification alert system to improve the communication flows on SPS and TBT notifications from trading partners. A pilot version of the alert system, called “ePing”, was presented and discussed in Uganda, Kampala, during a workshop from 7 to 10 July 2015. Field studies and background research in LDCs indicate that information on changing SPS and TBT regulations of trading partners is not sufficiently disseminated. The findings illustrate that SPS and TBT notifications informing WTO members about changes in...

Norway first to contribute to second phase EIF

During the official launch of the second EIF phase at the Fifth Global Review of Aid for Trade, Norway announced that it will allocate 150 million Norwegian Krone (about US$ 18 million) to the renewed EIF. It was the first country to contribute to the renewed aid for trade programme. The new phase of the EIF will start in 2016, and covers the next six years. In the new phase, the programme will try to further increase private sector involvement and more emphasis will be placed on regional cooperation. These revisions resonate closely with Norwegian development policies. In December, a pledging conference will be held in Nairobi to finance the second phase of the EIF. The aim is...

Australia and Canada grant preferential treatment for LDC services

Two countries, Australia and Canada, have notified the WTO about their preferential scheme for imports of services from LDCs. During the 8th WTO ministerial conference in 2011, a waiver was adopted, allowing member states to grant preferential market access to services and service suppliers from LDCs. Agreement on how the waiver was to be operationalized came in 2013, at the 9th WTO Ministerial in Bali. In July 2014, LDCs made a collective request , indicating which services and services modes they would like to receive preferential market access. On 9 March 2015, Canada was the first country to notify the WTO Services Council about sectors and modes of supply which Canada will...

Least Developed Countries feature strongly in Commonwealth Trade Symposium

Over 60 participants attended the first annual Commonwealth Trade Symposium , titled “Shaping a Global Trade Agenda for Development”, which took place in Johannesburg from 23 to 24 June 2015. The symposium covered new challenges  for developing countries;  trade  multilateralism  and  development;  emerging  and evolving production networks; gender and trade; managing trading arrangements;  Aid  for  Trade (AfT);  trade  in  the  post-2015 development agenda; and engaging the private sector in trade negotiations. The Symposium aimed to help Government officials and other stakeholders prepare for forthcoming...

Measures by trading partners harm LDC exports

A recent study investigates the impact of trade policy measures enacted since the beginning of the financial and economic crisis on exports from LDCs. The results are striking: without trade distorting measures adopted by trading partners, export by LDCs from 2009 to 2013 could have been 30 per cent higher! Economists Simon Evenett and Johannes Fritz utilized data from the Global Trade Alert (GTA) for their econometric study. The GTA considers a wide range of trade distorting measures adopted since November 2008, including tariff increases, export incentives, such as subsidies or tax-breaks to bail-outs of domestic firms, and local content requirements. From 2009 to 2013, the...

Cambodian bicycle imports into the EU subject to anti-dumping measures

The EU has extended anti-dumping measures on imports of bicycles from China to bicycle imports from Cambodia after an investigation by the European Commission pointed out that several Cambodian companies were engaged in sourcing “ the bicycle parts mainly from China [and] added insufficient value added in their manufacturing operations ”. One company was, according to the Commission report, “ engaged in transshipment practices ”. Imports from Cambodia can benefit from duty free and quota free treatment when entering the EU under the Everything But Arms trade scheme for LDCs. However, to receive preferential treatment, products must comply with rules of origin which restrict maximum...

The Zero Draft of the Post-2015 Development Agenda: What's new for LDCs?

On June 2, 2015 the zero draft of the post-2015 United Nations Development Agenda was released by the co-facilitators of the negotiation process, Kenya and Ireland.  The proposed agenda sets out the internationally agreed path towards sustainable development, and LDCs are expected to fully benefit from its implementation.  In the draft, Heads of states underscore that LDCs, among other groups of vulnerable countries, deserve special attention. They also pledge to accelerate full implementation of the Istanbul Programme of Action, and acknowledge the importance of official development assistance in supporting the sustainable development needs of the LDCs.  Sustainable...

ONE proposes strategy to increase ODA flows to LDCs

ONE, the international campaigning and advocacy organization, released a new report on the recent trend of declining ODA flows to LDCs. ONE makes a series of recommendations to reverse this trend. Based on OECD data, ONE reports that in 2014, ODA to LDCs dropped by two per cent compared with 2013. Compared with 2010 levels, flows fell by six per cent. The trend is more pronounced when one looks at bilateral ODA flows which dropped by 15 per cent between 2013 and 2014. ONE advocates a twofold strategy to reverse the negative trend. DAC Donors should commit to allocating 0.7 per cent of their GNI to ODA, ideally by 2020, and 50 per cent of ODA should go to LDCs, also by 2020. ...

China supports LDC accession to the WTO

In the context of the WTO’s LDCs and Accession Programme, also called the China programme, the Chinese government has made the commitment to contribute US$ 500,000 for 2015, to assist LDCs to accede to the WTO. The China prorgramme is an Aid for Trade initiative supporting LDCs’ integration in the world economy and supports several WTO-related activities for LDCs such as WTO accession internships, WTO accession round table meetings, LDC participation in WTO meetings, South-South dialogue on LDCs and development and LDCs’ trade policy review follow-up workshops. The programme was initiated in 2011. Source: WTO website

China announces 97 per cent DFQF treatment for LDC imports

During the Asian-African Conference which took place this week in Indonesia, the president of the People’s Republic of China, Mr. Xi Jinping, announced that China will grant LDCs duty free market access for 97 per cent of the tariff lines within the year. It should be noted, that this beneficial market access scheme will apply only for imports from LDCs that have diplomatic relations with China. In 2014, China’s imports from LDCs amounted to $75,665 million and accounted for 3.86 per cent of the country’s imports. These numbers also include imports from LDCs that do not have diplomatic relations with China.   Sources: The standard Comtrade database, 27...

UN ESCAP analyses DFQF market access for Asia Pacific LDCs

The trade outlook for Asia-Pacific LDCs and the DFQF market access schemes available for them have been studied by UN ESCAP. The Analysis revealed several interesting facts. In 2013, Asia-Pacific LDCs’ exports accounted for 0.29% of world export, a small but growing number. Exports are, however, not diversified. Garments and agriculture commodities are important export products. The Asia-Pacific LDCs can export under DFQF schemes to their most important export markets, namely the EU, US, China and India. Besides the developed countries, several developing countries in Asia have set up beneficial market access regimes for LDCs such as China, India and Korea. The DFQF schemes are...

Monitoring countries

The Committee for Development Policy is mandated by the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council to monitor the development progress of graduating and graduated LDCs, and to report its findings in its annual report to the Council. The lastet monitoring by the Committee took place at its 17 th plenary session in March 2015. The Committee reviewed the development progress of graduated countries Maldives and Samoa, and of graduating countries Equatorial Guinea and Vanuatu. Maldives (graduated in 2011) and Samoa (graduated in 2014) continued to achieve steady development progress, as indicated by continued progress in the countries’ GNI per capita and human asset index (HAI)...

The 2015 triennial review of the LDC category

The Committee for Development Policy met in plenary session at the United Nations Headquarters in New York from 23 to 27 March 2015. The triennial review of the list of the least developed countries was one of the items on the Committee’s agenda.   The identification of least developed countries (LDCs) — defined as low-income countries suffering from severe structural impediments to sustainable development— is based on three criteria: (a) per capita gross national income (GNI), as an indicator of income-generating capacity; (b) the human assets index (HAI) as an indicator of human assets; and (c) the economic vulnerability index (EVI) as an indicator of structural vulnerability...

STDF deadline for new funding proposals

The STDF aims to allocate at least 40 percent of project grant resources to LDCs and other LICs. The primary objective of the facility is to support developing countries in building capacity to implement international SPS standards, guidelines and recommendations. From 2004 to 2014, the STDF has financed 70 projects, 31 of which in LDCs. Funded projects often focus on identification, development and dissemination of good practices, are linked to the STDF thematic topics , include regional or global approaches and are innovative, collaborative and inter-disciplinary. The next deadline for submission of funding proposals to the STDF is 17 July...

STDF 5 year work plan approved by its 5 founding agencies

The five agencies that established the STDF - FAO, OIE, World Bank, WHO and WTO - and partners approved the 5-year STDF work plan covering the period 2015 to 2019. This decision allows the STDF to continue its activities until the end of the decade. Activities and projects are financed via the STDF trust fund that is administrated by the WTO. A funding target is set at 5 million USD per year. The trust fund is replenished by voluntary donations. Sources: WTO-website STDF Medium-Term Strategy (2015-2019)

Rice exports from LDCs to the EU 40 times higher in six year

In 2009, the transitional quota for rice, exempting the product from the EU’s DFQF market access scheme for LDCs, ended.  Since then, rice imports from Asian LDCs have increased about 40 times: in 2008-2009, 10,000 ton was imported, in 2013-2014, about 402,000 tonnes entered the EU market. Cambodia is the largest exporter, responsible for the lion’s share of Asian LDC rice export to the EU. The main rice producer in the EU, Italy, is watching these trends closely and urges the EU to adopt a safeguard clause, restricting LDC rice import in the EU. Source: Oryza

EU supports LDCs participation in trade negotiations

The EU and its member states continue to finanancially support the participation of developing countries and LDCs in trade-related international meetings and negotiations.The EU has recently pledged €2 million to the WTO Doha Development Agenda Global Trust Fund (DDAGTF) and €100 000 for evaluation of the fund. The donation will support active participation of LDCs and other developing countries in the Doha Round negotiations. In 2014, the EU also contributed to FAO/IPPC, the OIE and Codex Alimentarius to assist developing countries and LDCs in particular to attend the standard setting meetings of the respective organizations. Sources: EU Commission, DG Trade, news EU...

Asia Pacific High Level Policy Dialogue discusses the Istanbul Programme of Action

An Asia Pacific High-Level Dialogue took place from 4 to 6 March in Cambodia, with policy makers, experts and development partners discussing the implementation of the IPOA in the region. One of the main messages was that graduating from the LDC list is not about “checking the boxes” of the graduation criteria, but improving the livelihoods of the 300 million people living in the Asia-Pacific LDCs. Promoting sustainable and inclusive growth is key to achieving a real transformation of lives. The participants underscored the importance of delivering on commitments made by LDCs, development partners and the UN system in the IPOA. An outcome document was adopted, which can be used as an...

LDCs request extension of transitional period for TRIPS obligations related to pharmaceutical products

The 34 LDC members of the WTO have requested to extend the transitional period under article 66.1 of the TRIPS agreement vis-à-vis pharmaceutical products. This extension would exempt LDCs from obligations to protect and enforce pharmaceutical patents and clinical data beyond 31 December 2015. The LDCs ask to extend the deadline indefinitely for LDCs, implying that countries will have to implement the respective provisions as soon as they are no longer classified as LDC. The request was put forward by Bangladesh, the new coordinator for LDCs in the WTO, at a meeting of the Intellectual Property Council held on 24 and 25 February 2015. Sources: WTO 1 , 2 IP-watch

WTO Director General discusses progress in implementation of LDC related decisions in Bali package

At the LDC Group retreat in Montreux, WTO Director-General Roberto Azevêdo talked about the progress made in the implementation of the LDC related Bali decisions, covering DFQF market access, RoO and the Services Waiver. In Bali, developed countries and developing countries in a position to do so were encouraged to grant LDCs DFQF market access. Most of the developed countries already have a preferential scheme in place, granting LDCs duty free market access for at least 97 % of the tariff lines. Several emerging markets, such as China, India and Chile are also eliminating tariffs for LDC imports. This is an important trend, since emerging markets are gaining in importance as...