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2010 ECOSOC High Level Segment
List of Oral Presentations/Interventions
Rambhau Mhalgi PrabodhiniRambhau Mhalgi Prabodhini (Special, 2006) delivered an oral statement at the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 11th & 12th Meetings, Annual Ministerial Review: National Voluntary Presentations that took place on 28 June 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. The NGO Director General and representative to the UN, Vinay Sahasrabuddhe, posed questions and comments about a reference in the report of the Netherlands to sexualization of the female body in the media. In particular, how was the Government of the Netherlands dealing with such issues?
Nord-Sud XXI - North-South XXINord-Sud XXI - North-South XXI (Special, 1995) delivered an oral statement during the Policy Dialogue II of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 13th & 14th Meetings that took place on 29 June 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. The statement focused on the theme "Accomplishing the MDGs Requires Real Commitment of Resources and Support for the Global South." Nord-Sud XXI expressed its support for the importance of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and its concern about the continuing indication that they would not be achieved in many of the poorest countries in the world and in relation to many of the most vulnerable people worldwide.Nord-Sud XXI supported significant attention generated for MDGs 4 and 5, which require the lowering of children and mother's mortality. Despite the progress that has been made in recent years the organization regretted that the distance between the poorest countries in the world, especially those in sub-Saharan Africa, and the most developed countries grew bigger. Therefore, in light of the above, Nord-Sud XXI offered the following recommendations:
- Any monitoring of developing countries' efforts to achieve the MDGs be accompanied by monitoring of the fulfilment of financing by developed countries.
- Task Force be established to review the consistency of politicise and principles, good practices and recommendations adopted by the High Level Dialogue on Financing for Development for their consistency with international law, including the international human rights law.
International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF)International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) (General, 1973) delivered an oral statement at the Special Policy Dialogue on Women of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 15th & 16th Meetings that took place on 30 June 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. Dr. Carmen Barroso, Regional Director of the NGO, made a statement on behalf of the International Planned Parenthood Federation's 151 community-based Member Associations working in 173 countries. IPPF recognized that sexual and reproductive health and rights are central to addressing obstacles related to women's advancement worldwide, to reaching the internationally agreed goals and commitments in regard to gender equality and equitable and sustainable development. The speaker emphasized that in order for Member States to reach the internationally agreed goals and commitments in regard to gender equality and equitable and sustainable development, they must:
- Ensure that MDG target 5b - universal access to reproductive health - is afforded the funding and the political priority it deserves.
- Ensure that gender equality and gender-sensitive sexual and reproductive health and rights programmes and policies continue.
- Ensure that the unmet need for contraception of 215 million women is met.
- Ensure adequate financial resources to implement effective interventions to improve the health and well-being of women.
- Provide access to comprehensive sexual education.
- Fully integrate women into the formal economy and ensure that women and men are treated equally in the workplace.
- Increase the mainstreaming of gender perspectives into all legislation, policies and programmes to ensure gender-responsive budgeting.
- Develop institutional mechanisms that advance women's human rights and reform laws that discriminate against women or impede their ability to exercise their rights.
International Presentation Association of the Sisters of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin MaryInternational Presentation Association of the Sisters of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Special, 2000) delivered an oral statement during the Policy Dialogue V of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 15th & 16th Meetings that took place on 30 June 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York.
National Right to Life Educational Trust FundNational Right to Life Educational Trust Fund (Special, 1999) delivered an oral statement at the General Debate of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 17th & 18th Meetings that took place on 1 July 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. Jeanne E. Head, R.N., Vice President for International Affairs of the NGO and representative to the UN., stated that the organization is dedicated to the protection of all innocent human life from contraception to natural death. The loss of mothers and babies due to lack of even basic health care and the failure to dedicate adequate resources to save women's lives is the greatest impediment to development in all areas. Therefore, the organization believes that it is essential to the achievement of MDG 4 and 5 (as well as 6) and to their empowerment that women of the developing world receive the kind of health care, particularly maternal and child health care, that would provide a safe outcome for mother and child - the standard of healthcare that had been available to women in the developed world for 70 years. The NGO concluded by stating that unless and until MDG 5 (improving maternal health) is fully recognized, none of the other MDGs would succeed and the world would be no better off than we were when the MDGs were conceived 10 years ago.
International Alliance of WomenInternational Alliance of Women (General, 1947) delivered an oral statement during the General Debate of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 19th & 20th Meetings that took place on 2 July 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York.Irini Sarlis, NGO representative to the UN, made the statement on the theme "Decision-Making by Women in Conflict Situations." The presenter stated that peace was inextricably linked to women's development, she said, adding that recognizing their knowledge, skills and experience had already been identified as a requirement for peace. Denying women the right to participate in social, economic and cultural life was discriminatory, she said, emphasizing that the advancement of women could not take place amid civil unrest or where women's rights were not respected.She urged Governments and intergovernmental organizations to develop national rosters of potential women candidates, and to ensure that women were fully informed about, and worked in, senior management posts in post-conflict recovery programmes. It was necessary to implement Government policies and protection in terms of the voluntary return, resettlement and repatriation of refugees in a situation of safety and dignity. It was also important to provide health care for women in post-conflict situations in order to guarantee that the reconciliation process protected women's rights. Also necessary was the establishment of accessible and transparent early warning systems, and the financing and empowerment of women's organizations to help build sustainable peace.
HelpAge InternationalHelpAge International (General, 1995) delivered a joint oral statement on the theme "Implementation of Key International Commitments and Goals on Gender Inequality in Relation to Older Women" at the General Debate of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 19th & 20th Meetings that took place on 2 July 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. The statement was presented on behalf of AARP, Global Action on Aging, Gray Panthers, International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics (IAGG), International Council of Psychologists, International Federation on Ageing (IFA), The European Federation for the Welfare of the Elderly (EURAG), International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse (INPEA), Sister to Sister International, Inc, The International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP), World Federation of Ukrainian Women's Organizations. Judy Lear, the NGO representative to the UN., opened the presentation by stating that the 21st century is the century of ageing. Populations are ageing at an unprecedented rate and the proportion of older people in the population is predicted to double by 2050. By 2045 there would be more people over the age of 60 than children under 15. Whilst already well advanced in some developed countries, population ageing is happening most rapidly in developing countries. Demographic ageing is having a profound effect on the society in which we live. Policies across all sectors need to respond to its implications, including those related to gender equality. Women live longer than men and make up the majority of older people, especially amongst those over 80 years old. They will live more years in ill-health and are more likely to live alone and be widowed than older men. Ageism and age discrimination continue to be tolerated across the world. When combined with sexism, older women face a double layer of discrimination. After a lifetime of being discriminated against because they are girls and then women, older women then have to cope with also being discriminated against because they are old. The speaker concluded the oral statement with four recommendations:
- Gender and ageing should be embedded in all aspects of the UN Gender Entity right from the start.
- Ageing and its gender implications should be central to the review of the MDGs.
- CEDAW Committee should systematically ask all reporting states parties to provide information on how they are implementing the Convention in relation to older women.
- Gender equality should be a key part of the national 10 year reviews of implementation of the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing which will culminate in the global review at the Commission for Social Development in 2013. Appealing to the Council, the international community and other non-governmental organizations on behalf of mothers and grandmothers worldwide, she called for the use of the phrase "girls and women of all ages" in reports, statements, and speeches, adding: "What you do here, now, will have an impact on your daughters."
International Committee for Arab-Israeli ReconciliationInternational Committee for Arab-Israeli Reconciliation (Special, 2006) delivered an oral statement during the General Debate of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 19th & 20th Meetings that took place on 2 July 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. Sudhangshu B. Karmaakar, Ph.D., NGO representative to the UN., proposed a few steps that would help accomplish the MDGs:
- Financial independence is the first and crucial step in any equal relationship. It should be an integral part of education for boys and girls starting the elementary school.
- In less developed countries (LDCs) a mandatory one-day family planning training before marriage registration should be mandated for every newlywed couple. It should emphasize the resources available for family planning, the cost of raising children and the danger of having free sex or multiple sexual partners.
- Girls should be taught that sexual abuse is a crime of which they are victims and now guilty. All reported criminal offences must be recorded, published and dealt with immediately.
- Every girl should learn a trade properly. She should also demand fair compensation.
- Incorporating elder care back into the modern family concept could facilitate women empowerment. Sharing the responsibilities with men should be a condition of gender equality.
- Finally, countries must be open and honest with their MDG commitment. Each member country must file an annual progress report to the United Nations. All successes and hindrances related to the projects should be included in the report. Independent research organizations must also be allowed to collect data/information from each country without restrictions and publish them. The transparency is crucial to accomplishing these goals. If each country's reports and data can be verified by a third party, the successes of each measure can be duplicated and the failures avoided/corrected by other nations. This is the best way to make substantial progress at a manageable cost in meeting the Millennium Development Goals.
World Society for the Protection of AnimalsWorld Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA) (Special, 1971) delivered an oral statement at the General Debate of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 19th & 20th Meetings that took place on 2 July 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. Mayumi Sakoh, NGO representative to the UN, focused on the importance of animals and the value that animal welfare has to contribute to the livelihoods of people (especially women in rural areas in developing countries) and to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. In the developing world, women are often the caregivers of farm animals, especially of small livestock such as chickens and goats. For millions of women, the nutrition that these animals provide for their families and communities through high-protein foods such as eggs, milk, and meat can be the difference between life and death. In addition, the food produced from these livestock can be a major source of income. By selling excess eggs, milk, or meat, a greater variety of foodstuff can be obtained, thereby improving the diet and health of the family, children can go to school, medicines can be purchased, and poverty can be reduced. The power to feed their families, to earn income, and actively contribute to the development of their communities, gives women greater value both within their families and their communities. Preserving and developing traditional extensive farming systems through training and capacity building in animal welfare practices and veterinary care, therefore has a direct and positive impact on women's empowerment. In contrast, the intensification of farming systems that relies on a reduced workforce and eliminates the small farmers' ability to compete, will result in diminishing the relevance of women in the rural context, accelerating urbanization, and vastly minimizes the possibility to pursue education and professional training. In developing countries where women still do not have many of the opportunities available to men, these disadvantages affect women more disproportionately than men. In addition, women rely on animals for transporting much needed water, food, and goods. Animals are a financial investment. Often a family's entire savings are invested in animals instead of in banks. Women know that when their animals become sick, stressed, under-nourished, or injured - or worse if they die, the chances of educating their children, accessing healthcare or obtaining adequate nutrition are greatly reduced. For millions of women, animals are a social safety net. The speaker summarized the report by stating that the United Nations must recognize the importance of animals and the animal welfare in development and implementation of national and international policies targeted towards achievement of the MDGs.
CIVICUS World Alliance for Citizen ParticipationCIVICUS World Alliance for Citizen Participation (General, 2004) made an oral intervention during the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 13th & 14th Meetings that took place on 29 June 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. Ingrid Srinath, Secretary-General of the NGO and the panellist, actively participated in the afternoon discussion on accountability and transparency where she pointed out that, while the broad effort to boost development cooperation and implement financing for development faced serious challenges, "you'd never know it by listening to what's been said today". The problem was that panellists and Government representatives were not discussing actual obstacles. "We're trying to apply a technocratic solution to a political problem, so it's no wonder we're failing," she said.
United Cities and Local GovernmentsUnited Cities and Local Governments (General, 1947) made an oral intervention at the Policy Dialogue III of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 13th & 14th Meetings that took place on 29 June 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. Elisabeth Gateau, Secretary-General of the NGO and representative to the UN, emphasized that, while local governments were often seen as non-governmental organizations, "they are governments". Many towns and cities, especially in Africa, where populations were exploding, would eventually have to cope with such situations without the resources to meet the needs. Indeed, local governments were "invisible" in the United Nations system, and very little thought was given to what their skills or authority should be. However, local governments were close to voters and saw what was being done in their name. They often provided assistance that was very responsive and must be given far more attention.She went on to say that less than 10 per cent of official development assistance reached the local level, a key reason for the notorious ineffectiveness of aid. The proportion allocated to ODA should be raised to 25 per cent of gross domestic product. She said she had been pleasantly surprised to hear the delegate of the European Union say the regional bloc Union was devoted to good governance in ensuring aid effectiveness. However, she was disappointed that the Secretary-General's report stated that good governance was not a factor sufficiently addressed in terms of aid. He should re-examine that point and see what happened in countries that took their cities seriously.
Rambhau Mhalgi PrabodhiniRambhau Mhalgi Prabodhini (Special, 2006) made an oral intervention during the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 15th & 16th Meetings, Annual Ministerial Review: National Voluntary Presentations that took place on 30 June 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. The NGO posed a challenging question to the panellists by asking them "What needs to be done to change minds of men in terms of gender equality?"
Action AidAction Aid (Special, 1991) made an oral intervention at the Policy Dialogue IV of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 15th & 16th Meetings, Annual Ministerial Review: National Voluntary Presentations that took place on 30 June 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. In its presentation, the organization addressed the issue of the Millennium Development Goals and Official Development Assistance (ODA). According to the NGO, the ODA policies should focus on poverty eradication, sustainable development, and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Internationally Agreed Development Goals (IADGs). The organization also addressed the issue of the multi-stakeholder nature of the DCF that needs to be enhanced by continuing to bring in the voices and genuine participation of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), which include women's groups and trade unions as well as parliamentarians and local governments. The design of the DCF process should allow for greater interaction amongst stakeholders. Moreover, the NGO also mentioned the participation of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and countries from the Global South that needs to be further strengthened in the DCF. The Member States should fully support the DCF process through increased funding, specifically for strengthening of the DCF Secretariat and for full participation of countries of the Global South and CSOs.
Conference of Non-Governmental Organizations (CONGO)Conference of Non-Governmental Organizations (CONGO) (General, 2002) made an oral intervention during the Policy Dialogue V of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 15th & 16th Meetings that took place on 30 June 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. Liberato C. Bautista, President of the NGO, stressed the urgency of addressing the Millennium Development Goals in general, and extreme hunger and poverty in particular now. It is extremely challenging to address extreme poverty and hunger in the face of a multiplicity of crises - of food, fuel, and finance as much as of the economy, ecology, and the environment. These are crises that continue to pose daunting challenges to the global economy as much as to national recovery efforts, especially for developing countries.
International Trade Union ConfederationInternational Trade Union Confederation (General, 2007) and Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID) (General, 1997) also made oral interventions at the Policy Dialogue V of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 15th & 16th Meetings that took place on 30 June 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York.
The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable DevelopmentThe International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (Special, 2003) made an oral intervention during the High Level Policy Dialogue with the International Financial and Trade Institutions on Current Developments in the World Economy of the of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 19th & 20th Meetings that took place on 2 July 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. The Executive Director of the NGO pointed out that 70 per cent of the world's poor were women, and any solutions to the current challenges must be proactive in addressing their economic situation. In that context, she pointed out that women had accounted for 64 per cent of value-added trade in Benin, and a similar situation existed elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa.
Conference of Non-Governmental Organizations (CONGO)Conference of Non-Governmental Organizations (CONGO) (General, 2002) made an oral intervention at the Dialogue with Regional Commissions of the of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 19th & 20th Meetings that took place on 2 July 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. The representative of the organization said he had been taken aback by the figures on the potential of African countries to realize the Goals, noting that, like many other countries in the region, the Congo faced many challenges and the aggressive action needed to overcome the warranted increased international support and ODA resources.
The National Right to Life Education Trust FundThe National Right to Life Education Trust Fund (Special, 1999) made an oral intervention during the Dialogue with Regional Commissions of the of the Economic and Social Council 2010 Substantive Session, 19th & 20th Meetings that took place on 2 July 2010 at United Nations Headquarters, New York. As for women's health, the NGO representative said the maternal mortality rate was "unacceptably high", and asked why more resources were allocated to reducing the number of women delivering babies than to ensuring safe deliveries.